What is sexual violence?

What is sexual violence?


The Campus Sexual Violence Act requires institutions to educate students and employees on prevention and awareness of sexual assault. According to the Illinois Criminal Code, the following definitions apply. http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs3.asp?ChapterID=53&ActID=1876 Dating violence is defined on the Department of Justice website. http://www.ovw.usdoj.gov/datingviolence.html


Bystander Intervention: A bystander is someone other than the victim who is present when an act of dating violence, domestic violence, stalking or sexual assault is occurring or when a situation is occurring in which a reasonable person feels as though some protective action is required to prevent sexual assault, dating violence, domestic violence or stalking. Bystanders, if active, can prevent harm or intervene before a situation gets worse. Examples of active bystander intervention include: not leaving an overly intoxicated person in a bar/party alone, walking a classmate to his/her car after class, calling police when a potentially violent situation is unfolding, not leaving an unconscious person alone or intervening when someone is being belittled, degraded or emotionally abused (walking victim away from abuser, contacting others for help like Sandburg Public Safety, academic advisors, faculty or a coach.


Consent: means a freely given agreement to the act of sexual penetration or sexual conduct in question. Lack of verbal or physical resistance or submission by the victim resulting from the use of force or threat of force by the accused shall not constitute consent. The manner of dress of the victim at the time of the offense shall not constitute consent.

Domestic violence:
Dating violence: Violence committed by a person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim is dating violence. The existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on a consideration of the following factors:

  • the length of the relationship
  • the type of relationship
  • the frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship


Sexual assault: A person commits criminal sexual assault if that person commits an act of sexual penetration and: (1) uses force or threat of force; (2) knows that the victim is unable to understand the nature of the act or is unable to give knowing consent: (3) is a family member of the victim, and the victim is under 18 years of age; or (4) is 17 years of age or over and holds a position.

Stalking: A person commits stalking when he or she knowingly engages in a course of conduct directed at a specific person, and he or she know or should know that this course of conduct would cause a reasonable person to: (1) fear for his or her safety or the safety of a third person; or (2) suffer other emotional distress.